7.2 CVE-2022-40048

Exploit

 

Flatpress v1.2.1 was discovered to contain a remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability in the Upload File function.
https://nvd.nist.gov/vuln/detail/CVE-2022-40048

Categories

CWE-434 : Unrestricted Upload of File with Dangerous Type
The software allows the attacker to upload or transfer files of dangerous types that can be automatically processed within the product's environment. This can be primary when there is no check at all. This is frequently resultant when use of double extensions (e.g. ".php.gif") bypasses a sanity check. This can be resultant from client-side enforcement (CWE-602); some products will include web script in web clients to check the filename, without verifying on the server side. The "unrestricted file upload" term is used in vulnerability databases and elsewhere, but it is insufficiently precise. The phrase could be interpreted as the lack of restrictions on the size or number of uploaded files, which is a resource consumption issue. Generate a new, unique filename for an uploaded file instead of using the user-supplied filename, so that no external input is used at all.[REF-422] [REF-423] When the set of acceptable objects, such as filenames or URLs, is limited or known, create a mapping from a set of fixed input values (such as numeric IDs) to the actual filenames or URLs, and reject all other inputs. Consider storing the uploaded files outside of the web document root entirely. Then, use other mechanisms to deliver the files dynamically. [REF-423] Define a very limited set of allowable extensions and only generate filenames that end in these extensions. Consider the possibility of XSS (CWE-79) before allowing .html or .htm file types. Ensure that only one extension is used in the filename. Some web servers, including some versions of Apache, may process files based on inner extensions so that "filename.php.gif" is fed to the PHP interpreter.[REF-422] [REF-423] When running on a web server that supports case-insensitive filenames, perform case-insensitive evaluations of the extensions that are provided. For any security checks that are performed on the client side, ensure that these checks are duplicated on the server side, in order to avoid CWE-602. Attackers can bypass the client-side checks by modifying values after the checks have been performed, or by changing the client to remove the client-side checks entirely. Then, these modified values would be submitted to the server. Do not rely exclusively on sanity checks of file contents to ensure that the file is of the expected type and size. It may be possible for an attacker to hide code in some file segments that will still be executed by the server. For example, GIF images may contain a free-form comments field. Do not rely exclusively on the MIME content type or filename attribute when determining how to render a file. Validating the MIME content type and ensuring that it matches the extension is only a partial solution. Run your code using the lowest privileges that are required to accomplish the necessary tasks [REF-76]. If possible, create isolated accounts with limited privileges that are only used for a single task. That way, a successful attack will not immediately give the attacker access to the rest of the software or its environment. For example, database applications rarely need to run as the database administrator, especially in day-to-day operations. Web-based mail product stores ".shtml" attachments that could contain SSI PHP upload does not restrict file types upload and execution of .php file upload file with dangerous extension program does not restrict file types improper type checking of uploaded files Double "php" extension leaves an active php extension in the generated filename. ASP program allows upload of .asp files by bypassing client-side checks ASP file upload ASP file upload

References

MISC Exploit

http://flatpress.com
Product
https://github.com/flatpressblog/flatpress/issues/152
Exploit Issue Tracking Third Party Advisory


 

CPE

cpe start end
Configuration 1
cpe:2.3:a:flatpress:flatpress:1.2.1:*:*:*:*:*:*:*

Exploits

id description date
No known exploits

CAPEC

id description severity
1 Accessing Functionality Not Properly Constrained by ACLs
High

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